React Native TextInput

React Native TextInput

In this post, you will get an Understanding of How TextInput Works in React Native. React Native TextInput is a basic component that allows the user to enter text, number, password, etc.

It has an onChangeText prop which requires a function that will be called every time when the text changes, and it also has a value prop that can set a default value into it.

To Import TextInput in the Code

import { TextInput } from 'react-native'

Render Using

<TextInput
  value={userName}
  onChangeText={(userName) => setUserName(userName)}
  placeholder={'UserName'}
  style={styles.input}
/>

To Make a React Native App

Getting started with React Native will help you to know more about the way you can make a React Native project. We are going to use react native command line interface to make our React Native App.

If you have previously installed a global react-native-cli package, please remove it as it may cause unexpected issues:

npm uninstall -g react-native-cli @react-native-community/cli

Run the following commands to create a new React Native project

npx react-native init ProjectName

If you want to start a new project with a specific React Native version, you can use the --version argument:

npx react-native init ProjectName --version X.XX.X

Note If the above command is failing, you may have old version of react-native or react-native-cli installed globally on your pc. Try uninstalling the cli and run the cli using npx.

This will make a project structure with an index file named App.js in your project directory.

Code

Open App.js in any code editor and replace the code with the following code.

App.js

//React Native TextInput
//https://aboutreact.com/react-native-textinput/

//import React in our code
import React, {useState} from 'react';

//import all the components we are going to use
import {
  StyleSheet,
  View,
  Text,
  SafeAreaView,
  TextInput
} from 'react-native';

const App = () => {
  const [userName, setUserName] = useState('');
  return (
    <SafeAreaView style={{ flex: 1 }}>
      <View style={styles.container}>
        <Text>Insert any text in below input</Text>
        <TextInput
          value={userName}
          onChangeText={(userName) => setUserName(userName)}
          placeholder={'UserName'}
          style={styles.input}
        />
        <Text style={{color: 'blue'}}>{userName}</Text>
      </View>
    </SafeAreaView>
  );
};

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
  container: {
    flex: 1,
    alignItems: 'center',
    marginTop: 20,
    backgroundColor: '#ffffff',
  },
  input: {
    width: 250,
    height: 44,
    padding: 10,
    marginTop: 20,
    marginBottom: 10,
    backgroundColor: '#e8e8e8'
  },
});

export default App;

To Run the React Native App

Open the terminal again and jump into your project using.

cd ProjectName

1. Start Metro Bundler

First, you will need to start Metro, the JavaScript bundler that ships with React Native. To start Metro bundler run following command

npx react-native start

Once you start Metro Bundler it will run forever on your terminal until you close it. Let Metro Bundler run in its own terminal. Open a new terminal and run the application.

2. Start React Native Application

To run the project on an Android Virtual Device or on real debugging device

npx react-native run-android

or on the iOS Simulator by running (macOS only)

npx react-native run-ios

Download Source Code

Output Screenshot

Output in Online Emulator

That was the React Native TextInput. I hope you understood. If you have any doubts or you want to share something about the topic you can comment below or contact us here. The remaining components will be covered in the next article. Stay tuned!

Hope you liked it. 🙂

2 thoughts on “React Native TextInput”

  1. this is by far the most interesting and well organised tutorial i have ever read, way better than the official documentation and any other books or blogs i have read…thanks a million u deserve a clap!!

    Reply

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