React Native Global Scope Variables

React Native Global Scope Variables

We all know either we are developing any web or any mobile app, We always need Global Scope Variables. If you are not familiar with global variable just think about the variables which can be accessed from any screen/activity after first initialization.

They can be used on any screen as local variables but the difference is their scope is global. In React Native we can make any variable Global Scope Variables by just putting global. prifix.
For an Example
If we have myvar which is a local variable and accessible only from the same class. and if we have global.myvar then it becomes global and can be accessed from any class of the application.

Here is the example to understand it. We have a global.MyVar variable initialized in the first screen which can be accessed from First Screen as well as from the Second Screen.

This example will work for the React Navigation Version 3+. If you are using Version 2+ then please find the comments in the code for the suitable changes or can see our old post React Native Navigation Version 2+ for the help.

To Make a React Native App

Getting started with React Native will help you to know more about the way you can make a React Native project. We are going to use react-native init to make our React Native App. Assuming that you have node installed, you can use npm to install the react-native-cli command line utility. Open the terminal and go to the workspace and run
npm install -g react-native-cli
Run the following commands to create a new React Native project
react-native init ProjectName
This will make a project structure with an index file named App.js in your project directory.

We are going to use the react-navigation library to switch our screen so you need to install the same.

Installation of Dependencies

To use createStackNavigator you need to install react-navigation and react-native-gesture-handler dependencies.

To install these dependencies open the terminal and jump into your project

Run the following commands

This command will copy all the dependencies into your node_module directory. –save is optional, it is just to update dependencies in your package.json file.

Linking of Dependencies

After installing the dependencies you need to link it with your project using

After linking the dependency if you face  Could not Compile Settings File project/android/settings.gradle error while building and installing the project then you can find the solution here.

Project File Structure

To start with this Example you need to create a directory named pages in your project and create two files FirstPage.js and SecondPage.js

Now Open App.js in any code editor and replace the code with the following code.

App.js

Open pages/FirstPage.js in any code editor and the Replace the code with the following code.

FirstPage.js

Open pages/SecondPage.js in any code editor and the Replace the code with the following code.

SecondPage.js

To Run the React Native App

Open the terminal again and jump into your project using.
cd ProjectName
To run the project on an Android Virtual Device or on real debugging device
react-native run-android
or on the iOS Simulator by running
react-native run-ios (macOS only).

IOS

    

Android

    

This is how you can make a Global Scope Variables. If you have any doubt or you want to share something about the topic you can comment below or contact us here. There will be more posts coming soon. Stay tuned!

Hope you liked it. 🙂

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